Benjamin Hawkins Photo

Benjamin Hawkins

Born: Aug 15, 1754

Death: Jun 6, 1816

Birthplace: Warren County

Nationality: United States

Benjamin Hawkins

Date of Birth : Aug 15, 1754
Date of Death : Jun 6, 1816
Birth Place : Warren County

Benjamin Hawkins was an American planter, statesman, and U.S. Indian agent. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress and a United States Senator from North Carolina, having grown up among the planter elite. Appointed by George Washington as General Superintendent for Indian Affairs, he had responsibility for the Native American tribes south of the Ohio River, and was principal Indian agent to the Creek Indians. Hawkins established the Creek Agency and his plantation in present-day Georgia, where he lived in what became Crawford County. He learned the Muscogee language, was adopted by the tribe and married Lavinia Downs, who some believe was a Creek woman, with whom he had seven children. He wrote extensively about the Creek and other Southeast tribes: the Choctaw, Cherokee and Chickasaw. He eventually built a large complex using African slave labor, including mills, and raised a considerable quantity of livestock in cattle and hogs.

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