Charles Henry Stanley Photo

Charles Henry Stanley

Death: Oct 6, 1901

Birthplace: Brighton

Nationality: United States

Charles Henry Stanley

Date of Death : Oct 6, 1901
Birth Place : Brighton

Charles Henry Stanley was the first chess champion of the United States. When the first-ever U.S. championship match took place in 1845, Stanley defeated Eugene Rousseau of New Orleans and thus claimed the title. Stanley was an Englishman who emigrated from London to New York in 1845 per USA Federal Census of 1900, to work in the British Consulate, and his English ideas had a great influence on American chess. One of his ideas was to have a regular newspaper column devoted to chess, which he started in 1845 in The Spirit of the Times. He also started the American Chess Magazine in 1846, but others copied the idea, and competition forced the magazine out of business. In 1855 he organized the first World Problem Tournament. In 1846 he published the first US book on a chess match, 31 Games of Chess. Stanley is a little-known figure who has been eclipsed by the achievements of the world famous Paul Morphy. He played Morphy in 1857, losing the title of US Chess Champion to his much better opponent. He was married and later had a daughter Pauline, who was named after Morphy.

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