Gideon Johnson Pillow Photo

Gideon Johnson Pillow

Born: Jun 8, 1806

Death: Oct 8, 1878

Birthplace: Williamson County

Nationality: United States

Gideon Johnson Pillow

Date of Birth : Jun 8, 1806
Date of Death : Oct 8, 1878
Birth Place : Williamson County

Gideon Johnson Pillow was a wealthy and influential American lawyer, politician, landowner and speculator, slaveowner, United States Army major general of volunteers during the Mexican-American War and Confederate brigadier general in the American Civil War. Pillow had several disputes and rivalries with fellow officers during both wars. Pillow received the Thanks of the Confederate Congress for driving off the Union force at the 1861 Battle of Belmont, Missouri. He controversially failed to exploit a temporary break through of Union lines by his troops which might have allowed the Confederate garrison of Fort Donelson to escape at the February 1862 Battle of Fort Donelson. The next night, before the surrender of the fort, he also passed command, to which he had just been restored, to Brigadier General Simon Buckner, in order to personally escape with a few aides before Buckner surrendered most of the garrison to the Union Army of Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant. These actions sent his military career and reputation into eclipse. Bankrupt after the war, Pillow resumed a successful legal career.

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