H. L. Mencken Photo

H. L. Mencken

Born: Sep 12, 1880

Death: Jan 29, 1956

Birthplace: Baltimore

Profession: Writer

Nationality: Germany

H. L. Mencken

Date of Birth : Sep 12, 1880
Date of Death : Jan 29, 1956
Birth Place : Baltimore

Henry Louis "H. L." Mencken was a German-American journalist, satirist, cultural critic and scholar of American English. Known as the "Sage of Baltimore", he is regarded as one of the most influential American writers and prose stylists of the first half of the twentieth century. As a scholar Mencken is known for The American Language, a multi-volume study of how the English language is spoken in the United States. His satirical reporting on the Scopes trial, which he dubbed the "Monkey Trial", also earned him notoriety. He commented widely on the social scene, literature, music, prominent politicians and contemporary movements. As an admirer of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, he was a detractor of religion, populism and representative democracy, which he believed was a system in which inferior men dominated their superiors. Mencken was a supporter of scientific progress, skeptical of economic theories and critical of osteopathic/chiropractic medicine. Mencken opposed American entry into World War I and World War II. His diary indicates that he harbored strong racist and anti-semitic attitudes, and was sympathetic to the Social Darwinism practiced by the Nazis.

Profession


  • Writer
  • Journalist
  • Critic

Also known as


  • Henry Louis Mencken
  • H.L. Mencken
  • William Drayham

Parents


  • August Mencken, Sr.

Spouse


  • Sara Haardt

Awards Won


  • American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Belles Lettres and Criticism
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