James Crawford Neilson Photo

James Crawford Neilson

Born: Oct 14, 1816

Death: Dec 21, 1900

Birthplace: Baltimore

Nationality: United States

James Crawford Neilson

Date of Birth : Oct 14, 1816
Date of Death : Dec 21, 1900
Birth Place : Baltimore

James Crawford Neilson, or J. Crawford Neilson, was a Baltimore, Maryland-based architect. He was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1816. After the death of his father in 1822 the family moved to England and in 1824 to Brussels. In 1833, he returned to Baltimore and in 1835, became a member of the survey party working on the Baltimore and Port Deposit Railroad,. His supervisor was Benjamin Henry Latrobe, II, later supervising engineer on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, son of an equally famous architect, Benjamin Henry Latrobe,. It was at this time that he first became acquainted with John Rudolph Niernsee, while helping to survey in the area of Martinsburg, Virginia, for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. He and Niernsee entered partnership in the practice of architecture as Niernsee & Neilson in June 1848. Commissions included railroad stations for the B&O, commercial buildings, several churches, and both country homes and townhouses for the well-to-do, many of whom were in fact directors of the B&O Railroad. The firm disbanded in 1856, when Niernsee was made architect of the capitol of South Carolina. When Niernsee returned to Baltimore in 1865, the partnership was revived.

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