James Farmer Photo

James Farmer

Born: Jan 12, 1920

Death: Jul 9, 1999

Birthplace: Marshall

Nationality: United States

James Farmer

Date of Birth : Jan 12, 1920
Date of Death : Jul 9, 1999
Birth Place : Marshall

James Leonard Farmer, Jr. was a civil rights activist and leader in the American Civil Rights Movement "who pushed for nonviolent protest to dismantle segregation, and served alongside Martin Luther King Jr." He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride, which eventually led to the desegregation of inter-state transportation in the United States. In 1942, Farmer co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality in Chicago with George Houser and Bernice Fisher. It was later called the Congress of Racial Equality, and was dedicated to ending racial segregation in the United States through nonviolence. Farmer served as the national chairman from 1942 to 1944. He was an honorary vice chairman in the Democratic Socialists of America. By the 1960s, Farmer was known as "one of the Big Four civil rights leaders in the 1960s, together with King, NAACP chief Roy Wilkins and Urban League head Whitney Young."

Also known as

  • James Leonard Farmer, Jr.
  • James Farmer
  • James Farmer, Jr.


  • James L. Farmer, Sr.
  • Pearl Houston


  • Lula Peterson
  • Winnie Christie


  • Tami Lynn Farmer

Awards Won

  • Presidential Medal of Freedom
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