James H. Wilson Photo

James H. Wilson

Born: Sep 2, 1837

Death: Feb 23, 1925

Birthplace: Shawneetown

Nationality: United States

James H. Wilson

Date of Birth : Sep 2, 1837
Date of Death : Feb 23, 1925
Birth Place : Shawneetown

James Harrison Wilson was a United States Army topographic engineer and a Union Army Major General in the American Civil War. He served as an aide to Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan during the Maryland Campaign before joining Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army in the Western Theater, where he was promoted to brigadier general. In 1864, he transferred from engineering to the cavalry, where he displayed notable leadership in many engagements of the Overland Campaign, though his attempt to destroy Lee’s supply lines failed, when he was routed by a much smaller force of Confederate irregulars. Returning to the Western Theater, Wilson became one of the few Union commanders to defeat Confederate cavalier Nathan Bedford Forrest in battle, at the Battle of Franklin in November 1864 and again during his raid through Alabama and Georgia in March and April 1865, and ended the war with his men capturing both Confederate President Jefferson Davis and Andersonville Prison commandant Henry Wirz in May 1865. Upon his death in 1925, he was the fourth-to-last living Union general from the war.

Also known as

  • James Wilson
  • James Harrison Wilson
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