James K. Polk Photo

James K. Polk

Born: Nov 2, 1795

Death: Jun 15, 1849

Birthplace: Pineville

Profession: Lawyer

Nationality: United States

James K. Polk

Date of Birth : Nov 2, 1795
Date of Death : Jun 15, 1849
Birth Place : Pineville

James Knox Polk was the 11th President of the United States. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He later lived in and represented Tennessee. A Democrat, Polk served as the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Tennessee. Polk was the surprise candidate for president in 1844, defeating Henry Clay of the rival Whig Party by promising to annex Texas. Polk was a leader of Jacksonian Democracy during the Second Party System. Polk is often considered the last strong pre–Civil War president, and he is the earliest of whom surviving photographs were taken during a term in office. Many scholars and historians have commented on his interventionist foreign policy; he threatened war with the United Kingdom over the issue of which nation owned the Oregon Country, then backed away and split the ownership of the region with the UK. When Mexico rejected American annexation of Texas, Polk also led the nation to a sweeping victory in the Mexican–American War, which gave the United States most of its present Southwest.

Profession


  • Lawyer
  • Politician
  • Farmer

Also known as


  • James Polk
  • James Knox Polk

Parents


  • Samuel Polk
  • Jane Polk

Spouse


  • Sarah Childress Polk
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