John Chivington Photo

John Chivington

Born: Jan 27, 1821

Death: Oct 4, 1894

Birthplace: Lebanon

Nationality: United States

John Chivington

Date of Birth : Jan 27, 1821
Date of Death : Oct 4, 1894
Birth Place : Lebanon

John Milton Chivington was a former Methodist pastor who served as colonel in the United States Volunteers during the Colorado War and the New Mexico Campaigns of the American Civil War. In 1862, he was in the Battle of Glorieta Pass against a Confederate supply train. Chivington gained infamy for leading a 700-man force of Colorado Territory militia during the massacre at Sand Creek in November 1864. An estimated 70–163 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho – about two-thirds of whom were women, children, and infants – were killed and mutilated by his troops. Chivington and his men took scalps and other body parts as battle trophies, including human fetuses and male and female genitalia. The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War conducted an investigation of the massacre, but while they condemned Chivington's and his soldiers' conduct in the strongest possible terms, no criminal charges were brought against him or them. The closest thing to a punishment Chivington suffered was the effective end of his political aspirations. Later he became the first Grand Master of Masons of Colorado.

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