John Gayle Photo

John Gayle

Born: Sep 11, 1792

Death: Jul 21, 1859

Birthplace: Sumter

Nationality: United States

John Gayle

Date of Birth : Sep 11, 1792
Date of Death : Jul 21, 1859
Birth Place : Sumter

John Gayle was the seventh Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama from 1831 to 1835, and was later a United States district court judge for that state. Gayle was born in 1792 in Sumter, South Carolina. In 1813, he graduated from South Carolina College, where he had been president of the Clariosophic Society. After reading law, he entered the bar in 1818 and opened a private practice. He was a member of the Legislative Council for the Alabama Territory from 1818–19, then became the Solicitor of the First Judicial Circuit of the State of Alabama, from 1819 to 1821. From 1822-1823 and again from 1829 to 1830 he was a member of the Alabama House of Representatives. In the interim, he was a state court judge for the Alabama Third Judicial Circuit from 1823–25, then in private practice in Greene County, Alabama until 1828, and then on the Alabama Supreme Court from 1828 to 1829. After serving as Governor of Alabama from 1831–35, he returned to private practice in Mobile, Alabama until 1846. During his term as Governor, the state bank was expanded and the first railroad was completed in Alabama. The Bell Factory, the state's first textile mill, was incorporated in Madison County.


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