John Marshall Harlan II Photo

John Marshall Harlan II

Born: May 20, 1899

Death: Dec 29, 1971

Birthplace: Chicago

Profession: Lawyer

Nationality: United States

John Marshall Harlan II

Date of Birth : May 20, 1899
Date of Death : Dec 29, 1971
Birth Place : Chicago

John Marshall Harlan was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from 1955 to 1971. His namesake was his grandfather John Marshall Harlan, another associate justice who served from 1877 to 1911. Harlan was a student at Upper Canada College and Appleby College and then at Princeton University. He continued his education at Balliol College, Oxford. Upon his return to the U.S. in 1923 Harlan worked in the law firm of Root, Clark, Buckner & Howland while studying at New York Law School. Later he served as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York and as Special Assistant Attorney General of New York. In 1954 Harlan was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and a year later president Dwight Eisenhower nominated Harlan to the United States Supreme Court following the death of Justice Robert H. Jackson. Harlan is often characterized as a member of the conservative wing of the Warren Court. He advocated a limited role for the judiciary, remarking that the Supreme Court should not be considered "a general haven for reform movements".


  • Lawyer
  • Jurist


  • John Maynard Harlan
  • Elizabeth Flagg


  • Ethel Andrews


  • Eve Dillingham
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