John Muir Photo

John Muir

Born: Apr 21, 1838

Death: Dec 24, 1914

Birthplace: Dunbar

Profession: Writer

Nationality: United States

John Muir

Date of Birth : Apr 21, 1838
Date of Death : Dec 24, 1914
Birth Place : Dunbar

John Muir was a Scottish-American naturalist, author, environmental philosopher and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States. His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions. His activism helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is a prominent American conservation organization. The 211-mile John Muir Trail, a hiking trail in the Sierra Nevada, was named in his honor. Other such places include Muir Woods National Monument, Muir Beach, John Muir College, Mount Muir, Camp Muir and Muir Glacier. In Scotland, the John Muir Way, a 130 mile long distance route, was named in honor of him. In his later life, Muir devoted most of his time to the preservation of the Western forests. He petitioned the U.S. Congress for the National Park bill that was passed in 1890, establishing Yosemite National Park.


  • Writer
  • Engineer
  • Scientist
  • Geologist
  • Inventor
  • Environmentalist
  • Mountaineer
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