John Randolph of Roanoke Photo

John Randolph of Roanoke

Born: Jun 2, 1773

Death: May 24, 1833

Birthplace: Hopewell

Profession: Politician

Nationality: United States

John Randolph of Roanoke

Date of Birth : Jun 2, 1773
Date of Death : May 24, 1833
Birth Place : Hopewell

John Randolph, known as John Randolph of Roanoke, was a planter, and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, the Senate, and also as Minister to Russia. After serving as President Thomas Jefferson's spokesman in the House, he broke with Jefferson in 1803 and became the leader of the "Old Republican" or "Quids", an extreme states' rights vanguard of the Democratic-Republican Party who wanted to restrict the role of the federal government. Specifically, Randolph promoted the Principles of '98, which said that individual states could judge the constitutionality of central government laws and decrees, and could refuse to enforce laws deemed unconstitutional. A quick thinking orator with a wicked wit, he was committed to republicanism and advocated a commercial agrarian society throughout his three decades in Congress. Randolph's conservative stance, displayed in his arguments against debt and for the rights of the landed gentry, have been attributed to his ties to his family estate and the elitist values of his native Southside Virginia.


  • Politician
  • Planter
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