Martin Delany Photo

Martin Delany

Born: May 6, 1812

Death: Jan 24, 1885

Birthplace: Charles Town

Profession: Novelist

Nationality: United States

Martin Delany

Date of Birth : May 6, 1812
Date of Death : Jan 24, 1885
Birth Place : Charles Town

Martin Robison Delany was an African-American abolitionist, journalist, physician, and writer, arguably the first proponent of black nationalism. He was one of the first three blacks admitted to Harvard Medical School. Trained as an assistant and a physician, he treated patients during the cholera epidemics of 1833 and 1854 in Pittsburgh, when many doctors and residents fled the city. He worked alongside Frederick Douglass to publish the North Star. Active in recruiting blacks for the United States Colored Troops, he was commissioned as a major, the first African-American field officer in the United States Army during the American Civil War. After the Civil War, he worked for the Freedmen's Bureau in the South, settling in South Carolina, where he became politically active. He ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor and was appointed a Trial Judge. Later he switched his party loyalty and worked for the campaign of Democrat Wade Hampton III, who won the 1876 election for governor.


  • Novelist

Also known as

  • Martin R Delany
  • Martin Robison Delany
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