Oney Judge Photo

Oney Judge

Born: Jan 1, 1773

Death: Feb 25, 1848

Birthplace: Mount Vernon

Nationality: United States

Oney Judge

Date of Birth : Jan 1, 1773
Date of Death : Feb 25, 1848
Birth Place : Mount Vernon

Oney "Ona" Judge – known as Oney Judge Staines after marriage, was an enslaved African-American servant on George Washington's plantation, Mount Vernon, in Virginia. Beginning in 1789, she worked as a personal servant to First Lady Martha Washington in the presidential households in New York City and Philadelphia. With the aid of Philadelphia's free black community, Judge escaped to freedom in 1796, and lived as a fugitive slave in New Hampshire for the rest of her life. More is known about her than any other of the Mount Vernon slaves, because she was twice interviewed by abolitionist newspapers in the mid-1840s.


  • John Staines
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