Stand Watie Photo

Stand Watie

Born: Dec 12, 1806

Death: Sep 9, 1871

Birthplace: Calhoun

Nationality: United States

Stand Watie

Date of Birth : Dec 12, 1806
Date of Death : Sep 9, 1871
Birth Place : Calhoun

Stand Watie — known as Standhope Uwatie, Degataga, and Isaac S. Watie — was a leader of the Cherokee Nation and a brigadier general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He commanded the Confederate Indian cavalry of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi, made up mostly of Cherokee, Muskogee and Seminole, and was the final Confederate general in the field to surrender at war's end. Prior to removal of the Cherokee to Indian Territory in the late 1830s, Watie and his older brother Elias Boudinot were among leaders who signed the Treaty of New Echota in 1835. The majority of the tribe opposed their action. In 1839 the brothers were attacked in an assassination attempt, as were other relatives active in the Treaty Party. All but Stand Watie were killed. Watie in 1842 killed one of his uncle's attackers, and in 1845 his brother Thomas Watie was killed in retaliation, in the continuing cycle of violence. Watie was acquitted at trial in the 1850s on the grounds of self-defense. During the American Civil War and soon after, Watie served as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. By then, the majority of the tribe supported the Confederacy.

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