Thomas Hunt Morgan Photo

Thomas Hunt Morgan

Born: Sep 25, 1866

Death: Dec 4, 1945

Birthplace: Lexington

Nationality: United States

Thomas Hunt Morgan

Date of Birth : Sep 25, 1866
Date of Death : Dec 4, 1945
Birth Place : Lexington

Thomas Hunt Morgan was an American evolutionary biologist, geneticist, embryologist, and science author who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity. Morgan received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in zoology in 1890 and researched embryology during his tenure at Bryn Mawr. Following the rediscovery of Mendelian inheritance in 1900, Morgan's research moved to the study of mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University, Morgan demonstrated that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity. These discoveries formed the basis of the modern science of genetics. During his distinguished career, Morgan wrote 22 books and 370 scientific papers. As a result of his work, Drosophila became a major model organism in contemporary genetics. The Division of Biology which he established at the California Institute of Technology has produced seven Nobel Prize winners.

Also known as

  • Thomas Morgan


  • Isabel Morgan

Awards Won

  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Copley Medal
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