William F. Knowland Photo

William F. Knowland

Born: Jun 26, 1908

Death: Feb 23, 1974

Birthplace: Alameda

Profession: Politician

Nationality: United States

William F. Knowland

Date of Birth : Jun 26, 1908
Date of Death : Feb 23, 1974
Birth Place : Alameda

William Fife Knowland was an American politician, newspaper publisher, and Republican Party leader. He was a U.S. Senator representing California from 1945–1959. He served as Senate Majority Leader from August, 1953 to January, 1955 after the death of Robert A. Taft. As the most powerful member of the Senate and with his strong interest in foreign policy, Knowland helped set national foreign policy priorities and funding for the Cold War, the policy regarding Vietnam, Formosa, China, Korea and NATO, and other foreign-policy objectives. He opposed sending American forces to French Indochina and was a sharp critic of communist China under Mao Zedong. Knowland represented the right wing of the GOP and considered some of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's policies too moderate. After the GOP lost its majority in the 1954 election, he served as Minority Leader from 1955–1959. He was defeated in his 1958 run for California Governor. He succeeded his father, Joseph R. Knowland, as the editor in chief and publisher of the Oakland Tribune.

Profession


  • Politician

Also known as


  • William Knowland

Parents


  • Joseph R. Knowland

Spouse


  • Helen Davis Herrick
  • Ann Dickson

Children


  • Joe Knowland
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