William Tecumseh Sherman Photo

William Tecumseh Sherman

Born: Feb 8, 1820

Death: Feb 14, 1891

Birthplace: Lancaster

Nationality: United States

William Tecumseh Sherman

Date of Birth : Feb 8, 1820
Date of Death : Feb 14, 1891
Birth Place : Lancaster

William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War, for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States. Sherman served under General Ulysses S. Grant in 1862 and 1863 during the campaigns that led to the fall of the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River and culminated with the routing of the Confederate armies in the state of Tennessee. In 1864, Sherman succeeded Grant as the Union commander in the western theater of the war. He proceeded to lead his troops to the capture of the city of Atlanta, a military success that contributed to the re-election of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. Sherman's subsequent march through Georgia and the Carolinas further undermined the Confederacy's ability to continue fighting. He accepted the surrender of all the Confederate armies in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida in April 1865.

Also known as


  • William T. Sherman
  • William Sherman

Parents


  • Charles Robert Sherman
  • Mary Hoyt

Spouse


  • Ellen Ewing Sherman

Children


  • Thomas Ewing Sherman
  • Eleanor Sherman Thackara
  • Philemon Tecumseh Sherman
  • Charles Celestine Sherman
  • Marie Ewing Sherman
  • Mary Elizabeth Sherman
  • William Ewing Sherman
  • Rachel Ewing Sherman Thorndike
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